Between-group differences in the Iberian dung beetle species-area relationship (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1999
Authors:J. M. Lobo, Martin-Piera F.
Journal:Acta Oecologica-International Journal of Ecology
Date Published:Nov-Dec
Accession Number:ISI:000084618100002
Keywords:APHODIUS SCARABAEIDAE, beta-diversity, CURVES, diversity, Dung beetles, Iberian, Peninsula, richness comparison, Scarabaeidae, species-area

Between-group alpha- and beta-diversity differences were derived from species-area relationships fitted to field data. The accuracy of spatial richness variation predictions based on area size was also checked. The log-log model (log S = c + z log A) was found to be the best-fit linear model, with slopes (z) ranging from 0.089 to 0.142. Between-group comparisons of z (slope) and q (intercept) parameters, using the S = q + cA(Z) curvilinear regression model, corroborated early results, indicating a lower beta-diversity (slope) for Scarabaeinae than for Geotrupinae and Aphodiinae. The latter group, probably more sensitive to environmental heterogeneity, should contribute more to species richness in large areas. alpha-Diversity is greater for Aphodiinae, more relevant to local diversity (1 km(2)), than for Scarabaeinae and considerably greater for these two groups than for Geotrupinae. As earlier results show that the richness of a single dung pat is rather more a function of the Scarabaeinae species pool, richness on dung pat scales is probably due more to the between-dropping mobile Scarabaeinae, while Aphodiinae contribute mainly to local and regional pool richness. Nearly 88 % of the total richness variance is explained by area size. This percentage decreases to 37 % when the spatial structure of area size and species number are extracted. The corresponding figures for Scarabaeinae, Aphodiinae and Geotrupinae are 44, 22 and 31 %, respectively. (C) 1999 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.

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