|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||1997|
|Authors:||M. Osvaldo Moura, de Carvalho, C. J. B., Monteiro-Filho, E. L. A.|
|Journal:||Memoria Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro|
|Keywords:||carrion fauna -, Coleoptera -, Diptera -, Formicidae -, medico-legal entomology|
A survey of the carrion fauna was made at two sites in Curitiba, State of Paraná, with the objective of describing the insects associated with carrion and setting up a preliminary data-base for medico- legal purposes in south Brazil. Vertebrate exclusion experiments were carried out in each season be- tween 1994 and 1995 with a 250 g laboratory-bred rat (Rattus norvegicus). Five stages of decomposi- tion were identified: fresh, bloated, decaying, dry and adipocere-like. Some species showed seasonal and site preference and so could be used to identify the probable place and season where death took place. Sarconesia chlorogaster (Diptera, Calliphoridae) was restricted to an open field site and to cooler months. Hemilucilia semidiaphana (Diptera, Calliphoridae) and Pattonella resona (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) were restricted to the forest site and warmer months. Phaenicia eximia (Diptera, Calli- phoridae) and Oxyletrum discicolle (Coleoptera, Silphidae) were present at both sites throughout the year and could be useful for population level analysis. Dissochaetus murray (Coleoptera, Cholevidae) was present throughout the year at the forest site and was associated with the adipocere-like stage. Ants played an important role producing post-mortem injuries to the carcasses. Insects of 32 species are reported as being useful in community level approaches.